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Ask the Lawyer: Can the Government Make My Spouse Disclose Confidential Conversations?

By Mathew Tully

Q. If I told my spouse about something wrong I did, can the government make him or her testify against me?

A. Generally in the military, what a married couple confidentially tells each other is not the business of the government.

Under the Military Rules of Evidence, a married service member and his or her spouse are afforded a “spousal incapacity privilege.” This means the spouse can refuse to disclose or prevent the disclosure of any information that was confidentially communicated between them while they were married. If the couple later divorces, confidential communications made during the marriage are still covered by this privilege.

However, spousal incapacity privilege is not an absolute privilege.

According to the Military Rules of Evidence, spousal incapacity privilege can be taken away when “one spouse is charged with a crime against the person or property of the other spouse or a child of either, or with a crime against the person or property of a third person committed in the course of committing a crime against the other spouse.”

So, if a service member is accused of assaulting his or her spouse or sexually abusing his or her child, the government can compel the spouse to testify against the service member. Also, the child against whom the crime was committed must be either a biological or adopted child, or ward of either spouse for the spousal incapacity privilege to be revoked.

Spousal incapacity exemption also applies to “a child who is under the permanent or temporary physical custody of one of the spouses, regardless of the existence of a legal parent-child relationship,” according to the Military Rules of Evidence.

Cheating spouses should not expect this privilege to protect them.

As the U.S. Navy-Marine Corps Court of Criminal Appeals noted in U.S. v. Jason Taylor, adultery, a violation of Article 134 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice, “strikes directly at the institution of marriage.”

This offense, the court held, constitutes “a crime against the person of the other spouse” and, consequently, “the marital privilege does not apply to communications involving the adultery.”

Taylor, for example, involved a Marine Corps sergeant who confessed to his wife about having an affair with a 15-year-old girl. The sergeant was found guilty at court martial of carnal knowledge in violation of Article 120 and adultery.

On appeal, he argued the military judge erred in allowing his wife to testify against him, but the court upheld the findings of guilty, noting that the spousal incapacity privilege did not apply to this adultery case.

Service members facing any type of criminal charge and concerned a spouse may be asked to testify against them should contact a military law attorney. Depending on the circumstances, a lawyer could attempt to suppress such testimony based on the spousal incapacity privilege.

 

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